Fungi: Death Becomes Them

Death is what fungi are all about. By feasting on the deceased remains of almost all organisms on the planet, converting the organic matter back into soil from which new life will spring, they perform perhaps the most vital function in the global food web. Fungi, which thrive on death, make all life possible.

Table of Contents
1) Biolography 02:07
2) Structure 04:53
3) The Decomposers 06:10
4) The Mutualists 06:38
5) The Predators 07:23
6) The Parasites 07:35
7) Reproduction 08:24

CrashCourse Biology #39

References for this episode can be found in the Google document here:

Fighting Animal Testing: Live Demonstration

Graphic scenes of a performance artiste undergoing animal laboratory tests in the window of Lush Regent Street London, to raise awareness of our worldwide Fighting Animal Testing campaign and EU petition. Please, join the fight by signing our petition here:

Mexican Mormon War: Drug Cartels vs Mormons

The cartels of Juarez, Mexico, are at war with a group of Mormons, some of whom are related to Mitt Romney. We went there to document the conflict, meet Romney's Mormon family, and find out more about how US policy is impacting the war on drugs.

Cosmic Microwaves: View from Antarctica

The icy South Pole desert is a harsh and desolate landscape in which few life-forms can flourish. But the extreme cold and isolation are perfect for astronomical observations. Taking advantage of the severe conditions, scientists are using the new South Pole Telescopethe largest ever deployed in Antarcticato observe the oldest light in the Universe, the cosmic microwave background (CMB).

The Gift

"The Gift" is the tale of a troubled couple, visited by an animal bearing both hope and tragedy.

Starring Kate Dickie, Davie McKay, Gary Lewis, Lorraine Stanley.

Directed by Andrew Griffin.
Written in collaboration with Philip Ardagh.
Music by kind permission of Max Richter, Hildur Gunadttir, Keith Kenniff.

Marijuana for Jobs: How Many?

Certain parts of the US experience a boom in jobs, health, state income, and freedom due to the regulated growth and sales of medical marijuana. However, the dark shroud of the federal government looms overhead.

(October 21, 2012 CBS News)

Mitt Romney Claims Entering Politics for the Money

I am big believer in getting money where the money is, Romney says on the video, The money is in Washington.

The video, which was surreptitiously shot by Democratic opponents of Romney on Oct. 16, 2002, shows him addressing a group called the New Bedford Industrial Foundation. The Power Point presentation he uses lists ways to improve economic development in Massachusetts, including boost federal involvement.

I want to go after every grant, every project, every department in Washington to assure that we are taking advantage of economic development opportunities, Romney tells the group.

And while Romney now often criticizes his opponents for being Washington insiders, in this video he touts his Washington connections.
I have learned from my Olympic experience that if you have people who really understand how Washington works and have personal associations there you can get money to help build economic development opportunities, Romney says.

Romney has frequently criticized Newt Gingrich and Rick Santorum for their roles in getting federal money so-called earmarks to fund special projects in their states while they were in Congress. The Romney campaign, however, says this is different.

Every state budget in the country is dependent on federal funding, and every governor in the country makes requests for funding, but governors do not get to decide how Congress appropriates money, said Romney spokesman Andrea Saul. Governor Romney supports a permanent ban on earmarks, which are symbols of whats wrong with Washington.

As for his experience running the 2002 Salt Lake City Olympics, Romney says, the whole winter games was a combination of the federal, state and local governments along with private enterprise.

We actually received over $410 million from the federal government for the Olympic games. That is a huge increase over anything ever done before and we did that by going after every agency of government, he says.

He even cites money one his colleagues managed to get for the Olympics from the Department of Education.

She said, Why dont I get the Department of Education to buy tickets to the Paralympics so that high school and grade school kids can go to the Paralympics? She literally got, I believe the number was over $1 million from the Department of Education, funding to buy tickets for kids, Romney said. This way we got kids there and we also got additional revenues that we wouldnt have had. That kind of creativity I want to bring to everything we do.

Kids in the Hall: Citizen Kane

There was a certain movie on television last night, but Dave just can't remember what it was...

With a short talk with Dave and the tallest one from Invader Zim.


Two homeless cousins desperately try to survive the streets of Port-Of Spain Trinidad. Thieves, by street credit, they routinely hunt the local market in search of unsuspecting shoppers but times are getting harder and the pickings slim. Will fortune favor the brave? Or will their desperate actions lead to their demise.

From Shaun Escayg

The Buzz About Pesticides - Nature

Bees, the most important pollinators of our crops, are in trouble. All over the world, their populations are decreasing and scientists want to know why. In this video, Nigel Raine and Richard Gill introduce us to the bumblebees they study at Royal Holloway near London. Their experiments show that two commonly used pesticides affect foraging behaviour and brood development, making bumblebee colonies more likely to fail.

Read the Nature paper here:

Jim & Frank

Jim doesn't want to hire anyone but his wife. Frank doesn't want to work for anyone but himself. But fate is pulling the strings to bring them together. A film by Tony Borden.